The United States Marshals Service, is the oldest federal law enforcement agency in the United States. It was created by the Judiciary Act of 1789, during the presidency of George Washington, and is attached to the executive branch of the U.S. government, serving as the enforcement arm of the U.S. federal courts.

When the United States began to expand westward during the 19th century, U.S. Marshals served as the primary source of day-to-day law enforcement in areas that had no local government of their own. One of these Marshals was James Strickland, who was known to have enforced the law in Hill Valley, California between, at least, 1876 and 1893.


See also